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My pet dog has a lump. Is it cancer?

My pet dog has a lump. Is it cancer?

Not every lump or bump on your canine will be a tumor. Some superficial bumps are simply sebaceous cysts on dogs that are just plugged oil glands in the skin and generally absolutely nothing to worry about. Skin cysts can be made up of dead cells or even sweat or clear fluid; these frequently rupture on their own, recover, and are never seen again.

The lipoma is among the most typical lumps seen by veterinarians throughout a physical pet examination. These soft, rounded, non-painful masses, typically present just under the skin but periodically developing from connective tissues deep in between muscles, are normally benign.

Fewer than half of lumps and bumps you find on a dog are malignant, or cancerous. So how are you to understand which lumps and bumps threaten and which can be left alone? Truthfully, you are really just making a guess without getting the pathologist involved. Most veterinarians take a conservative approach to the typical lipomas and eliminate them if they are proliferating or are located in a delicate location.


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Why is my pet having diarrhea?

Why is my pet having diarrhea?

Diarrhea in our pets can be very frustrating and upsetting when it occurs. Diarrhea is caused by increased fluid within the intestinal lumen. There are two sites in the intestinal tract that can cause diarrhea. The first is due to changes in function of the small intestine or upper portion of the GI tract. This can be due to liver disease, malfunction of the gall bladder or pancreas and certain types of cancer. It can also be due to parasites, particularly whip worms that live in the lower portion of the small intestine and are difficult to diagnose.

The second site for the development of diarrhea is the colon or large intestine. Diarrhea from this area of the intestinal tract may be due to parasites, stress, diet change, certain viruses or bacteria, food allergy/ irritable bowel syndrome, cancer (adenocarcinoma, lymphoma), many antibiotics or toxins.

With mild cases of diarrhea, we typically advise people to stop all food for 12 to 24 hours, but continue to offer water. After skipping 1-2 meals, introduce a bland diet comprised of mostly regular cooked rice with a small amount of boiled chicken. Feed as a small meatball every 2 hours on the first day and gradually increase the amount and time between feedings each day and slowly transition your pet back to his or her regular diet. If diarrhea persists despite the bland diet, or if your pet is depressed, vomiting, weak, or blood is noted in the stool, a trip to the veterinarian is advised. Any young puppy or kitten with diarrhea should be seen by your veterinarian, as they are at a greater risk of complications such as low blood sugar or hypoglycemia.


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How can I protect my dog from heat stroke?

How can I protect my dog from heat stroke?

Now that the weather is hot and getting hotter, it’s important to protect your dog from the effects of the heat. Unlike humans, dogs have very few sweat glands, so they have to regulate their body temperature by panting, which isn’t always effective. When a dog’s temperature gets too high, the result can be heat exhaustion or even heat stroke and possible death. Here are a few tips for preventing heat exhaustion:

  • Make sure your dog has access to cold water and shade while outside.
  • Try to schedule walks during the early morning and evening hours.
  • For very active dogs who are accustomed to long walks and/or runs, insist on regular breaks for water and rest in a shaded area.
  • Encourage your dog to swim and/or relax in the water.
  • Never leave your dog in a parked car, even with the windows rolled down.

If your dog shows signs of heat exhaustion, such as excessive panting, reluctance to drink water, bright red or blue gums, vomiting, or diarrhea, cover the dog with a wet towel and seek immediate veterinary care.


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Tell me about Bufo Toads and the risks to my pet?

Tell me about Bufo Toads and the risks to my pet?

Bufo toads, also known as marine toads, giant toads, or cane toads, are extremely toxic and potentially lethal to our pets, so be on the lookout when walking your dogs and always carry a flashlight at night. They are unusually large for toads, usually 6-9 inches, brownish-grey in color with yellow bellies and dark spots on their backs. They are most commonly seen during their breeding season, which tends to follow the rainy months of the summer (May-October), and they reproduce in ponds, lakes, canals and ditches. They are usually encountered at night near lighted areas, as they are attracted to bugs, but can also be found during the day hiding under vegetation.

The bufo toad will not actually attack, but when approached by a curious dog (or any other perceived predator), it releases a highly toxic chemical from its glands. Contact with these secretions can result in drooling, violent head-shaking, pawing at the mouth, convulsions, seizures, and even death. If you suspect exposure, immediately wash the toxins forward out of your dog’s mouth with a hose for 7-10 minutes, pointing the dog’s head down so as not to direct the water back into the throat. Next, immediately take your dog to your veterinarian or emergency pet hospital for further care.


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Symptoms, Causes, and Solutions to Seizures in Dogs

When our pets are happy, they make us feel exactly the same and can easily brighten our day within seconds. Unfortunately, dogs also have bad days and some even experience seizures and this leaves many owners confused and not really knowing what to do. For this reason, today we have compiled some information you may find useful including symptoms, causes, and what you should do if you witness the seizure yourself.

Before we head any further, we should say that regular seizures can be a huge problem and this is called epilepsy. Within the brain, they will experience abnormal bursts of electrical activity which changes their appearance and behaviour. Although some dogs recover within a minute, others last for several minutes and it can be a worrying sight.

Causes – In truth, there are a number of causes aside from epilepsy. If it is rare and takes you by surprise, it could be due to liver disease, consuming poison, kidney disease, anaemia, an injury to the head, blood sugar fluctuations, strokes, brain cancer, electrolyte problems, or encephalitis.

Symptoms – In truth, every dog is different in how they will react but the basic example of a seizure will see them collapse, stiffen, jerk, chomp, drool, twitch, or even foam at the mouth. As well as peddling their legs, some dogs will wee or poop during the seizure itself. On the other hand, a less severe seizure might daze your dog until they become confused, unsteady on their feet, and they might not react to your voice. After the seizure is over, some dogs go temporarily blind which would see them bump into items and this could motivate them to hide away.

Types of Seizure – Most commonly, the grand mal seizure is experienced by dogs and this leads to a loss of consciousness and maybe even convulsions. As we saw earlier, an abnormal amount of electrical activity will occur. In some cases, a ‘focal’ seizure might take place and this is focused on one part of the brain which leads to the symptoms occurring down one side of their body. Often, a seizure will start as a focal type before progressing to a generalized seizure affecting the whole brain.

In addition to these two, there are also rarer examples including a psychomotor seizure. With this type, your dog might start behaving in a strange way like attacking the air or chasing their tail quite ferociously. At first, these types can be very hard to spot but keep in mind that your dog will do the same thing every time the seizure takes place. Finally, you might not know the cause and this is when epilepsy is diagnosed. Found in dogs anywhere between 6 months and 6 years of age, it is particularly common in certain breeds including; German shepherds, labrador retrievers, border collies, beagles, collies, Australian shepherds, and Belgian Tervurens.

What to Do – If you see your dog having a seizure, the first step would be to remain calm. If they are in a dangerous position or near sharp furniture, gently move them away. During this moment, they could bite so be wary of this and do not put anything in their mouth. Although they will return to normal eventually, there is a risk of overheating after a couple of minutes so pour water on their paws and try a fan directly on them. If you can, talk to them in a soft manner and touch them gently. After it has passed, contact the vet. If they don’t stop or have numerous seizures in the course of a few hours, visit the vet immediately.


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Why Is My Dog Itching So Much?

Dog Itching : What Are The Reasons?
dog itching Naples FLThere are three main reasons for any normal skin healthy pet to be itchy:

Dry skin
Coat in grooming need
Fleas (Defiantly)
How to deal with these reasons? Please continue reading to know.

How to Treat With Dry Skin?
Another common cause of abnormal dog itching is dry skin. It is often accompanied by excess “dandruff” or flaky skin. To help your dog, start by choosing a first-class diet for him. Diet affects overall health, including skin and coat. Some high-quality diets contain specific proportions of balanced fatty acids, which often improve the condition of the skin and reduce the dryness of the skin. In some situations, your veterinarian may recommend additional supplements with specific fatty acids in fish oil or borage oil to improve the health of your pet’s skin.

How to Treat With Grooming?
A dull, oily or uneven layer can also cause dog itching and irritation in your pet. To help with this, you should always use gentle care products to maintain the health of your pet’s skin. Also consider using a conditioner for fur. Do not bathe too much, as this can lead to severe skin dryness. In some cases a shampoo may be needed to help loosen excess skin flakes. Routine brushing and undressing of the jacket can also help.

How to Treat With Fleas?
Fleas are ideal for hiding, and it is not uncommon for an owner not to notice a flea colony in their pet until the infestation is severe. Buying a flea comb is a good way to deal with fleas. A flea comb will help you to identify the problem early and to address the problem before it becomes a major complication for your dog. You should use it every week to look if there are any fleas. Fleas can also be seen in the belly of your pet, where the coat is usually thinner and easier to see. Try to comb your dog’s skin entirely and look for fleas or dirt shavings trapped in the comb. Flea dirt looks like small pieces of black pepper, sometimes with a comma form.

What about Preparation?
Your may notice more “dandruff” for several days after grooming. During bathing and brushing, superficial flakes are often removed from the skin for a few days. Until the excess flakes are completely removed from the coat and the skin’s health is normalized.

Do You Need Any More Information?
Do not hesitate to contact your veterinarian if you have any questions or concerns about your pet’s health. Ask a veterinarian to answer all your questions.


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Dog Bite Prevention

National Dog Bite Prevention Week ® takes place during the second Dog Bite Prevention Naples FLfull week of April each year, and

emphasizes teaching people about helping prevent dog bites. The days in 2018 are April 8-14.

With an estimated population of 70 million dogs living in U.S. homes, millions of people– most of them children– are bitten by canines annually. Most of these bites, if not all, are avoidable.

The U.S. Postal Service reports that 6,755 postal workers were attacked by dogs in 2016. Children, elderly, and postal carriers are the most frequent recipients of dog bites.

In 2017, insurance providers the country paid close to $700 million in claims associated with dog bites, according to estimates from the Insurance Information Institute.
Nearly 29,000 reconstructive treatments were performed in 2016 to mend personal injuries caused by dog bites, according to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.
Spend this opportunity to find out more about dog bite prevention and help teach others so we can all work together to avoid dog bites.
The cutest, nicest, friendliest dog can bite if provoked, no matter what it’s size, age or gender.

Dogs bite as a reaction to a specific thing. If the dog finds itself in a difficult predicament, it might just bite to defend itself or its territory.

Dogs will bite simply because they are frightened or have likely been startled. They will bite when they feel threatened. They might bite to guard something that is valuable to them, like their puppies, food or a toy.

Dogs sometimes bite when they aren’t feeling very well. They could be sick or in pain due to injury or sickness and might desire to be left alone.

Dogs also might snap and bite while playing. Even though nipping while at play could be enjoyable for the dog, it might be hazardous for people. It’s a good idea to avoid wrestling or participating in tug-of-war with your dog. These types of activities can help make your dog overly excited, which may result in a nip or a bite.

How to Keep a Dog From Biting

Socialization is a good way to help prevent your dog from biting. Socializing your pet dog helps your canine become comfortable in various circumstances. By presenting your dog to people and other animals when it is still a young puppy, your dog will be more relaxed in different predicaments as it ages. It’s also important to use a leash in public spaces to make sure that you are able to properly supervise your pooch.

Dog bite deterrence begins at home with your very own dog by being simply an accountable dog owner. If you plan to breed your dog then getting your dog spayed or neutered will help reduce the risk of bite associated behaviors. Work out and play with your dog on a regular basis to reinforce the human-animal bond and to use up excess energy that could otherwise be directed in the direction of nervous activity.

Train your dog well, they ought to know the fundamental commands like sit, stay, come and leave it. Don’t permit your dog to roam free where they can be a danger to other people. Do try to socialize your dog and expose him to various people and situations but take care not to confuse him. Always keep your shots up to date for a worst case scenario. In most states, a canine can be destroyed if they bite someone and they are not up to date on vaccines. Seek expert help from your veterinarian if your dog demonstrates any signs of aggression. If you have youngsters take the time to enlighten them on how to act near dogs, what to expect and what to carry out if a dog attacks.

Educating yourself and the children you know on how, or if, they should be near a dog is likewise essential when it concerns dog bite prevention. The best way to avoid dog bites is to be informed.


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Otitis In Dogs

What Is Otitis?

Otitis is an inflammation of the ear caused by an infection. It has two main types. Otitis externa and otitis media.

Otitis externa or outer ear infection is an inflammation of the external ear canal. It is one of the most common issues vets deal with on a daily basis. Clinical signs may include odor, pain upon manipulation of the ear, itching, redness, and head shaking. This happens when the glands lining the canal, enlarge and produce excessive wax. The outer skin and the inner skin gradually produce excessive fibrous tissue, making the canal narrow. If chronic, otitis externa leads to a ruptured eardrum and otitis media. Ear infections may occur with any breed. But breeds with large, hairy, or floppy ears such as cocker spaniels, are more prone.

Otitis media, on the other hand, is an inflammation of the middle ear. It occurs as a result of otitis externa. This causes a membrane that separates the external ear and middle ear, to rupture.

In worst cases, your dog may suffer permanent hearing loss.

How did my dog (cat) get it?

Your dog or cat could have developed otitis from a number of factors. The primary causes of otitis externa are vast. The most common are as follows:

Parasites (ear mites and ticks)
Hypersensitivity disorders (allergies from the environment, drug reactions, food allergies)
Keratinization disorders (abnormal production of cerumen)
Endocrine disorders (hypothyroidism, hormone imbalances)
Foreign bodies (plant material, hair, sand, hardened medication)
Benign tumors
Other causes include bacteria, fungus, yeast, breed disposition, excessive moisture, immunosuppression or even overtreatment.

What are the symptoms or how is it diagnosed?

Ear infections are very painful. Dogs will scratch their ears and shake their heads to relieve the soreness. Ears turn red, inflamed and may develop an offensive odor. Be on the lookout for black or yellowish discharge. In chronic cases, you may find ears that are crusty or thickened. Ear canals can also become narrowed due to the chronic inflammation.

Your vet may have an X-ray done to diagnose otitis or an MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) to spot fluid accumulation or soft tissue growth in the middle ear.

How is it treated?

In most cases, an ear cleaning is performed by the veterinarian. There are several cleaning and flushing techniques that have proven to be effective. Vets do not recommend that dog owners do this themselves as the tendency is to be too aggressive. In addition, flushing is best performed by experienced practitioners with a video-otoscope.

In dogs with end-stage otitis, it is nearly impossible to get cleansers deep into the ear canal. If this is the case, the dog has to be anesthetized so that his ear can be properly dilated to place a cone as far into the canal as possible. The cone is then filled with cleanser and then slowly pulled out.

What kind of aftercare is required after going to the vet?

At-home care will include the application of commercial topical products containing antibiotic/antifungal and glucocorticoids until the infection is resolved. Your vet will teach you how to get medication into the horizontal part of the ear canal. It is crucial that you do this properly because a dog’s external ear is “L” shaped. The goal is to apply the medication into the lower part of the “L”.

The best kind of aftercare for otitis is prevention. Most vets will require multiple ear flushes in the clinic and a continuous application of antiseptic, antibiotic or antifungal topical therapy until a cytologic exam reveals no inflammatory cells.