Breeding Myths

Home/Breeding Myths


You can feel the cervix by digital palpation through the vulva.

The cervix is located several cm from the pelvic brim depending on the size of the bitch. What most people interpret as the cervix is really the hymen – the vestibulo-vaginal junction.

Always breed on the 9th to the 12th day of vaginal bleeding.

Timing is based on identifying the LH surge, which triggers the ovulation cascade. This can be done by measuring LH and/or progesterone. Vaginal cytology and vaginoscopy also help confirm the 5-6 days of optimal breeding.

Hypothyroidism is greatest cause for infertility.

There is no evidence to support the idea that low thyroid function is the cause of infertility. There is strong evidence that poor breeding timing is the number one cause for infertility.


    Vaginal cultures pre breeding and treating with antibiotics for bacteria recovered.

    There is a normal bacterial flora in both the vagina and the uterus depending on the stage of cycle. Unless there is a single strain of bacteria in high numbers and the sample was collected with a guarded swab from the anterior vagina, bacterial cultures of the vagina are not helpful.

    Bitch will whelp 63 days after first breeding.

    The window of time a bitch will accept a stud for breeding varies widely from just a few days to several weeks. Bitches will whelp 65 days +/- 1 day from LH surge. Using ultrasound and measuring several parameters is another way to estimate gestational age and health of the pregnancy.

    Brucella is only transmitted by breeding.

    Brucella canis is spread through urine, semen, vaginal secretions and amniotic/uterine secretions postpartum. Contact with any of these infectious fluids through nasal, oral or sexual contact can transmit the bacteria.

    A pregnant bitch’s coat will stick out from her side when pregnant.

    Pregnancy confirmation in the bitch is done via ultrasound 1 month after last breeding or by radiographs 6 weeks after last breeding. The hormone, relaxin, can be used to determine the presence of placental tissue, but will not determine the size or viability of the pregnancy.

    Download pdf copy here.

    Reviews

    Kathleen Kelly
    Kathleen Kelly
    23:09 23 Jul 19
    I’ve been going to this vet for over twenty years. The staff is very helpful and personable. Dr Jane is top notch and loves her patients.
    Diane Hackem
    Diane Hackem
    20:54 28 Jun 19
    The doctors and staff are so understanding of my rescue dog’s reactivity. The kindness and consideration they show to us is simply outstanding. Thank you!!
    Patti Sneed More
    Patti Sneed More
    23:11 27 Apr 19
    Everything!!!!Dr Carver and Dr Jane along with their staff are amazing. Dr Carver did the breeding (utilizing fresh chilled semen flown in) and delivered the pups. Her expertise and care are bar none the best I have ever had!!!! You will not find a more dedicated staff and doctors!!!
    Lori Wright
    Lori Wright
    12:41 16 Mar 19
    Dr.’s and staff always go above and beyond for your fur babies. You’re always given an explanation and options to consider when treatment is needed. Compassionate when “ it’s that time “ 😢 I’ve brought my pets here for over 20 years and hope for another 20.
    Ron Jefferson
    Ron Jefferson
    23:08 29 Nov 18
    I have been visiting town and country for over 11 years with my dogs, and I cannot say enough good things about them. Dr's and staff are very nice, honest, humble and professional. 👍👍
    Kristina Shope Ehlers
    Kristina Shope Ehlers
    04:29 16 May 18
    Dr. Chet always takes such great care of my fur baby. Thank you for always being there for me and Bear.
    Ellen Ferguson
    Ellen Ferguson
    04:45 22 Apr 18
    I highly recommend Town and Country Animal Hospital. My experiences with Dr. Carver for canine reproductive issues have been extremely successful, and Dr. Chetkowski recently performed a rather involved dental with amazing results. I have been treated with kindness, compassion and courtesy by ALL their staff members and appreciate the after-hours and weekend texts and phone calls to assure the status of my animals. Both veterinarians are extremely well-qualified and their vet techs and office staff make every visit smooth and stress-free. The hospital is immaculate. I feel very fortunate to have discovered T & C Animal Hospital and am grateful for the services they provide and the care and treatment available to my animals. THANK YOU Town and Country Animal Hospital Naples!
    Leigh Jacobs
    Leigh Jacobs
    21:11 23 Jan 18
    They have treated my whole animafam. Love the staff there.
    Mindy Sylvester
    Mindy Sylvester
    17:10 14 Jan 18
    Dr Jane and everyone at Town and Country is amazing. They are extremely knowledgeable and very caring. I couldn’t imagine taking my dog anywhere else!
    Julie Stevens
    Julie Stevens
    22:31 06 Dec 17
    All the staff at Town and Country are wonderful - always very friendly, professional and caring. Dr. Carver is a savior with her reproductive services, so knowledgeable and always goes way above and beyond what is expected. She has helped us tremendously in many situations and will not give up until there is a solution. Dr Carver has even contacted me at home while whelping pups to be sure all is going smooth and given very helpful info!!I always refer people their way when somebody asks, and they always make a point to say they're just as satisfied as I am! A big THANK YOU to both doctors and staff for all you do!!!
    Lizz Russak
    Lizz Russak
    00:25 23 Sep 17
    AMAZING PLACE! I called them this morning in desperate need of an emergency c section for Nala. They took her in immediately, didn't worry about payment until she was already on the table (ASH refused to do anything without 4 grand upfront) and they were honest, respectful, and you could tell taking care for animals is their passion. I love this place. They were able to save my dog and 2/3 pups and I'm forever appreciative and thankful.
    So very kind and generous with their time. They truly care about your pet's well being. Couldn't ask for more.
    Kate Rzepski
    Kate Rzepski
    01:59 24 Aug 17
    Amazing!! Dr. Carver, Dr. Jane and their team are simply the best!! Couldn't recommend them more highly! Best Vet in Naples and all of SWFlorida!!
    Dana Doelfel Hall
    Dana Doelfel Hall
    20:17 22 Aug 17
    They have been taking care of my dogs for many years. I also board my dogs here and they are absolutely wonderful.
    Zac Ward
    Zac Ward
    10:55 07 Aug 17
    Rhianna Gabourel
    Rhianna Gabourel
    22:17 11 Jul 17
    Love love love town and country. They know my dogs by name and always give them the best care. Staff is friendly, honest, and always answer any questions I have . If you're looking for a great vet to bring your pet to look no further.
    Denise Diabo Kline
    Denise Diabo Kline
    13:47 17 Jun 17
    Wonderful experience from initial phone call to Simba's visit. A+
    Cindy Velasquez
    Cindy Velasquez
    18:06 28 Feb 17
    I had a really bad vet experience with another vet so as a suggestion by a friend I brought my puppy here. And let me just say the Service is on believably wonderful! Best vet ever! When I brought my puppy in for the first time I have just got her. she was 4 months old and I have never had a dog before so I have a lot of questions. The vet tech sat with me for over an hour and walk me through everything! She was great! And Dr. Carver don't even know where to begin, she is wonderful! They are always checking up on us after my dog got a little cold and a few allergy. They called to see how she was doing! Like it just goes to show how much they truly love their clients! I live over 45 min away form there office. I live in fort myers so it quite the drive but I don't mind doing it because I know my dog is in the Best hands!
    Cathy Thompson
    Cathy Thompson
    01:17 20 Feb 17
    They were super with Dharma when she wa2 pregnant..Loved every one.
    Shannon Lindsey
    Shannon Lindsey
    01:08 20 Feb 17
    Wonderful staff, knowledgeable doctors, everyone's first and foremost concern is the wellbeing of the patient. Kudos to Team T&C and we look forward to many more years of receiving superior care for our beloved pets
    Juliet Mercado
    Juliet Mercado
    14:51 20 Nov 16
    Excellent staff and vets! Passionate, considerate and loving ���
    Caroline Aguanno
    Caroline Aguanno
    18:03 02 Nov 16
    We LOVE Town and Country! My Little pug, Yoshi, and I couldn't be happier with the care he recieves from them! Quality care and affordable prices! ��
    Susan Amicone Jahn
    Susan Amicone Jahn
    13:30 18 Sep 16
    As Always, a 5 star experience. Thank you so much for taking wonderful care of my babies!
    Faith Burnham
    Faith Burnham
    03:03 15 Sep 16
    It was a difficult decision to lay our dog, Sam, of almost 17 years, to rest. But the staff at Town and Country were very helpful. On the day of the procedure, they did not have us wait, but brought us right into a private room and were very sensitive to our needs. We appreciate so much the excellent job they did and the care in which they did it. Thank you.
    Laura Gauss Knechtel
    Laura Gauss Knechtel
    18:59 25 Jul 16
    I have been using Town and Country Animal Hospital for my dogs for years now. The facility is clean, the staff is always happy and willing to help out anyway they can. Dr. Jane is simply the BEST vet in Naples. She is compassionate, professional and will do anything in her power to help your furbabies. I highly recommend them for all your pets needs!!!
    Kenny Cypress
    Kenny Cypress
    15:04 01 Jul 16
    Dr. Carver & her staff are the nicest & caring people I've taken my pets to-the treat my kids as they were thr own
    Lauren Marie
    Lauren Marie
    12:19 10 Jan 16
    I love the doctors and staff at Town and Country Animal Hospital! From the moment you interact with this amazing veterinary group, you will feel comforted knowing that your fur-baby is in good hands. I feel truly blessed to have such amazing individuals in the lives of my fur-babies.
    Marie Roderiques
    Marie Roderiques
    01:03 23 Jul 15
    Absolutely amazing hospital. All the support staff is wonderful. Dr Carver is very nice and extremely knowledgable. I have used them for reproduction medicine and could not be happier. I also have cane Corso's and they are great with the dogs. Very patient and caring people. You guys rock. Keep it up.
    Dr . Jane is so smart and experienced ! I trust her with my beloved dog's. The whole staff is caring n attitude free. They really care!
    David Hershman
    David Hershman
    11:54 28 Sep 14
    Tootsie and Truman's 2nd favorite place...next to home
    Just received an e-birthday card for my Snoop
    Stephanie Young
    Stephanie Young
    00:45 30 Aug 14
    Brought our English Bulldog in for bite wounds and the staff was so helpful and kind. Very thankful to Dr. Carver went above and beyond for our baby girl. Best vet place in Naples. Won't go anywhere else. Thank you so much Dr. Carver we cannot express how grateful we are for the amazing care you gave to our Charlotte.
    Justin Bolde
    Justin Bolde
    16:02 08 Aug 14
    Loree Heasley
    Loree Heasley
    01:40 18 Jun 14
    Best decision we made for our boy Harley. The staff here is wonderful ❤️
    Courtney Bennett
    Courtney Bennett
    21:10 09 Jun 14
    Katie Sibert
    Katie Sibert
    14:00 10 Feb 14
    Dawn Brawner Vaughn
    Dawn Brawner Vaughn
    19:45 07 Oct 13
    Rita Surdyka
    Rita Surdyka
    14:14 29 Sep 13
    Julie Mae Obnial
    Julie Mae Obnial
    00:07 06 Sep 13
    Olga Paul Silvia
    Olga Paul Silvia
    02:02 22 Jun 13
    Leslie Jeppesen
    Leslie Jeppesen
    03:47 09 May 13
    Donna Larsen
    Donna Larsen
    21:49 06 Jul 12
    After several bad experiences with other vets here in Naples, I was referred to Town and Country ( since 2005) and I will never change. Dr. Chet and Dr. Gonzalez are Wonderful and have helped pull my babies through some very bad things and I will always be grateful. And the staff is excellent!
    Gary P.
    Gary P.
    03:42 10 Jun 19
    I've been taking my dogs to Doctor Jane at Town and Country for years. I was just there this weekend to have my Yorkie "Jax" checked out and brought current...
    Norma D.
    Norma D.
    13:01 07 Mar 19
    We have been going to Town and country for over 13 years with 4 different pets and multiple "adopted strays". We have always had incredible service. They...
    Cynthia B.
    Cynthia B.
    17:17 13 Jun 18
    My poor German Shepherd, Laila developed a terrible rash (hot spot) and our regular vet was out of town and couldn't see me for over a week. I called a...
    Carol Reimers
    Carol Reimers
    16:09 04 Oct 19
    Both vets are knowledgeable and compassionate. The staff is friendly, caring and efficient. The fees are fair and competitive. I Highly recommend this animal clinic/hospital!
    Jermaine Anderson
    Jermaine Anderson
    02:43 23 Jul 19
    I have worked very closely with Dr. Jane & Dr. Carver for the last year and they have an excellent practice. Their entire staff is extremely professional, knowledgeable and I trust them explicitly with our dogs. I highly recommend their services.
    Mike Sexton
    Mike Sexton
    18:43 06 May 19
    I won't go anywhere else 6 dogs and Doctor Jane K...I highly recommend her and the staff is wonderful and very helpful also been there for years so great familiar know your faces!! Be part of the family and find out yourself you won't be sorryMike Sexton
    C H
    C H
    11:49 06 Mar 19
    Very friendly staff, was given a few options and able to pick a treatment that was in my budget. This was my dogs first vet visit and she is nervous around people. The staff was patient and my dog did well considering. I would definitely recommend Town and Country Animal Hospital to anyone that is looking for vet services.
    Ashley Palumbo
    Ashley Palumbo
    00:52 06 Feb 19
    Dr. Jane was wonderful. I came in with a kitten that we had found abandoned in Naples while on vacation (after 3 days of trying to catch her) and we made an appointment with Dr. Jane who kindly fit us into her busy schedule to ensure we could get the kitten checked out. Not only did she take the time to do a full examination and determine exactly what the kitten needed, but she also took the time to connect me with a rescue group (and even had the head of the rescue come in to the office so I could meet her). I was torn between taking her on a plane home with me where there was a potential adopter, and handing her over to this group that would take wonderful care of her and find an adopter in Naples. I couldn’t believe how much time she spent with me explaining my options and ensuring the kitten was well taken care of when I was visibly struggling with what to do. She was so kind and patient and it meant a great deal to me. I would highly recommend her!
    Mike Sullivan
    Mike Sullivan
    17:04 06 Sep 18
    Ramona Kilian
    Ramona Kilian
    15:40 25 Jun 18
    I came in with my Puppy without an appointment. The crew was so nice and friendly and took care of my Puppy right away. He got all his vaccinations, his claws were cut, his ears were cleaned and the doctor took her time to check everything. I paid under $100 and got one month free heartworm treatment. The doctor also gave me great tips for a Puppy training and how I'll get my Puppy potty trained.
    Debbie Swanson
    Debbie Swanson
    10:22 19 Jun 18
    The staff at Town & Country are the greatest and most professional, and both Dr. Carver and Dr. Jane have the best rapport with the animals, treating them as they would their own. The facility is amazing! What a delightful visit we have when we go to see the family at Town & Country!
    Janet Brooks
    Janet Brooks
    18:31 23 Apr 18
    The staff are amazing the prices are the best I’ve seen and they even help me in and out of my car if I have more than one animal. Great place to go for my furry family
    George Luther
    George Luther
    09:11 12 Apr 18
    The doctors and staff at the Town & Country Animal Hospital are professional and caring. They treat my dogs like they were family. Their facility is always clean. Very highly recommended!
    Marcus Samborski
    Marcus Samborski
    18:45 23 Jan 18
    Best Services available in golden gate estates. My cat has had his ups and downs here but all in all he’s gotten the best care. Highly recommend to all pet owners!
    Julia Martinez
    Julia Martinez
    12:08 19 Oct 17
    Remy Bienkowski
    Remy Bienkowski
    14:47 07 Oct 17
    I have been here couple times at least. Cat 1 I brought earlier in the year when she lost mobility on her back legs. I came here because they have more staff and I felt they could attend to my cat faster. And they did. When you are under duress your mind processes info differently. A vet is supposed to understand this and work in your (you and your pet) best interest. The option they gave is more tests on top of their xray's but with a specialist separate from them. Okay. I understand. So I asked what would you do, what should I do - I was getting at whether this is the time to put her down. The doctor pretty much agreed and I understand why. They gave me my space and I pleaded with God what to do (no I do not hear voices) - after time I got the pressure to just take my cat and go. So I told them I am leaving - and the vet said but aren't you gonna put her down, I said no, I am just leaving. I took my cat to my regular vet, and they did some tests and found the thyroid was elevated and I was told it could cause these episodes including death. Here we are 6 months later and my cat is loving life.Come to now, my 2nd visit again under duress. Another cat started wheezing for couple days. Thought it was a hairball. Well this clinic diagnosed him with asthma. They are correct. Besides the crazy amount of tests they put up as an option - worth $700, of course I declined, the only meds they offered was pills and capsules now, or liquid by order in about a week. I know my cat and I know giving him pills or capsules is a losing battle. I reluctantly took the meds and as I thought, it is a war zone at my house, putting not only him but the other cats in distress. I was ready to put him down. This clinic was all too eager to take that option. The next day I began research on this condition and my options. Come to find out good options exist, would you believe it? Yet this vet did not offer them. Of all the options the fastest, most effective and lowest cost given all considerations is an inhaler (this vet like most vets does not sell them), and a tube designed for cats that allows kitty to breathe normally for about 10 seconds and condition improves within minutes. It only lasts few hours, but it is few hours of not gasping for air. I was upset they did not give me this option. Before this they knocked down the idea of even asking the doctor if they would be willing to write a script for an oxygen tank (another viable and successful option).So I called them yesterday about writing a script for the inhaler so I can buy it online since they don't sell it. It took them almost 24 hours to return my call to say no. No? What you mean no? They don't feel the dosage is right on the link I gave them, so I asked, ok, how about giving me a better source and write a script for that one? Answer = NO!So here my cat gasps for air while I search for options to save his life and they say no, but they will say yes to jabbing a needle in his heart and murdering him. I called 2 other vets before they returned my call, one is my vet, another just a random vet with good ranking. Both said of course they would write a script. One of the vets said it is actually a common option and easier on the cat, something they recommend. It is now Saturday so I have to wait few days for the vet visit and products to arrive by mail. In the meanwhile I have to watch my cat suffer, I cannot eat or work because I'm in CONSTANT distress. They are incompetent. The only person that is super awesome is some Erica girl that works in the back, super super nice. After speaking to another awesome vet in Sarasota, they gave me better options with the meds I received here until the inhaler arrives and I can order the liquid meds. They saved this clinic from me doing a charge reversal.
    Kreg Atterberry
    Kreg Atterberry
    17:57 14 Sep 17
    I have worked with Town & Country Animal Hospital for a few years. They have an excellent, attentive staff and I really like the vets. Good folks to take your pet to.
    Kathleen Ennis
    Kathleen Ennis
    21:23 10 Jul 17
    My dogs have been patients of Town and Country Animal Hospital for several years for everything from routine care to difficult surgeries to relatively unusual health issues and recently, an auto-immune disease. The two vets at Town and Country are both gifted women who take time with their patients and owners and the staff is friendly, competent and caring. In addition Town and Country Animal Hospital is AAHA accredited, the gold standard of veterinary hospital care. I would recommend Town and country to any dog owner.
    Julie Glowacki
    Julie Glowacki
    16:35 16 Jun 17
    The absolute best vet in town! I moved here from Michigan in September and was looking for a great, trustworthy vet. I have found them! My cat Libby has kidney disease and they always find time to fit her into their busy schedule. Love this place! The staff is great!!
    Cynthia Sealy
    Cynthia Sealy
    19:07 25 Jan 17
    Yasmin Plüss
    Yasmin Plüss
    16:10 29 Dec 16
    Town & Country Animal Hospital has been great for my cat. Their staff is incredibly friendly and understanding and caring and I would recommend them to anyone who needs a vet in Naples.
    Claudyson Angervil
    Claudyson Angervil
    14:00 08 Dec 16
    Cheryl Tracy
    Cheryl Tracy
    14:35 02 Aug 16
    They were great with our 4 cats
    Eric Schoen
    Eric Schoen
    22:04 15 Feb 16
    The veterinarians, technical and support staff are excellent, regarding their care, empathy, and professionalism of our pets, and frankly, of us. We strongly recommend them.
    Cindy Pietrofitta
    Cindy Pietrofitta
    19:12 24 Jan 16
    T Fisher
    T Fisher
    01:59 05 Aug 15
    We just adopted a dog, had our first appointment today. The staff was warm and welcoming. The vet was very friendly and she took time to ask questions and listen to my concerns, and she and her staff were very patient with our dog, who isn't keen on the whole experience of being at the vet.
    Barb Kuypers
    Barb Kuypers
    17:21 28 Apr 15
    Town & Country is a great place to take our pets! The facility is the cleanest one around and the staff is wonderful. Highly recommended.
    Earl WIllis
    Earl WIllis
    19:31 27 Apr 15
    Our recent N.C. Matipoo rescue developed a ear infection. As seasonal residents we didn't "have a Vet", but our Kings Lake dog friends referred Town &Country. Very, very impressed with Dr. Jane and the entire staff. Our Zech is much improved and on the way to recovery. NOW WE HAVE A VET! and a great sense of security and trust if our Zech needs medical attention while in Naples.
    Trish Haitz
    Trish Haitz
    21:38 01 Apr 15
    Not sure where to begin, maybe at the end. Last year I had to put my old sweet Labrador Retriever to sleep because he had developed Pancreatic Cancer. The Vets and Techs at Town and Country took such good care of me during this very challenging time in my life. Their vision of compassion and quality were what I was looking for when trying to help my old sweet friend in his final days. They have also been amazing with my new pup! Like a typical adolescent boy, he has had his fill of knocks and torn toe nails. We know the inside of every exam room at the Town and Country Animal Hospital. And like some adolescent boys I know, he is also very brave most of the time and a timid like mouse when he comes into the Vet Office. Everyone has been so patient with him. Trying to help him be brave and then just letting him be him too. If you are looking for a Vet in the Naples area, this is your Vet. I take a boat and drive an hour to see these folks. I wouldn't trade the care for the world.
    Paulette Masse
    Paulette Masse
    17:35 11 Feb 15
    Last week I brought my beloved pet, Mitzi in to Town & Country because she was exhibiting unusual behaviors. She was diagnosed with CHF in RI back in the Fall and her symptoms were progressing but more that that, she appeared to be in pain - not letting me pet her and barking incessantly. After 14 years, I knew it was time to let her go but I was hopeful that the doctors at Town and Country could give her that "magic pill" to bring her back to her healthy self but that was my heart, in my head, I knew differently. Never having been to Town & Country, I didn't know what to expect which definitely made this difficult visit even more difficult. The Techs immediately put me at ease as Mitzi was somewhat challenging to examine and they took it in stride, doing what they needed to before Dr. Carver-Raffa came in to assess our situation. She was kind and sympathetic to my emotional pain and in a most compassionate way gave me permission to do what needed to be done. I stayed with Mitzi while she was anesthetized and when the lethal injection was given and was comforted by the fact that Mitzi felt no pain (finally) and is now in a better place. I'll be ever grateful to Dr. Carver-Raffa and the staff at Town & Cuntry for helping us both get through this heartbreaking event.
    John Mead
    John Mead
    22:09 13 Sep 13
    People need to know that the staff of Town and Country are very nice and very professional people. We have had many stray cats spayed and neutered here. They also treated one of our cats who was seriously ill. They were so concerned that they called us to check on him several times over the next few days. I am very impressed by their dedication to animals. One way they show this is through their willingness to help control the feral cat population. I highly recommend them.
    susan prince
    susan prince
    04:07 01 Jul 13
    I found these 4 kittens and got free certificates to get them their shots and to get them fixed let me tell you I appreciate the free certificates but this place is just all about the money they were cold and very condescending my last 2 girls that I had fixed there are infected because the recovery collars were too big and I went back to get smaller ones and they pretty much told me that I was out of luck I will never ever take my animals there or give them any more of my money they hide behind calling themselves a community Veterinarian but its a lie they have their hand out sad very sad