Lymphoma is a serious fatal condition. Early diagnosis can cause the cancer to temporarily go into remission and extend your pet’s life, but there is no cure.. If you notice any of the signs listed below have your pets checked at our veterinarians in Naples, Florida to catch it early.
Lymphocytes are white blood cells that normally work to protect the body as part of the immune system. Occasionally, a change occurs within the cells that causes them to become destructive and reproduce uncontrollably. This is a type of malignancy, or cancer, called lymphoma or lymphosarcoma. Dogs and cats may be diagnosed with lymphosarcoma. Boxers, Golden Retrievers, and Basset Hounds are dog breeds that are at a higher risk for developing this type of cancer.
The exact cause of lymphosarcoma is not known. However, cats that are positive for the feline leukemia virus (FeLV) are much more likely to develop lymphoma than cats that test negative for FeLV.
Lymphoma in Dogs
- Lymphoma, or lymphosarcoma, is a cancer of the lymphocytes, which are a type of white blood cell associated with the immune system.
- The exact cause of lymphosarcoma is unknown.
- Boxers, Golden Retrievers, and Basset Hounds are at higher risk for the disease.
- Signs vary, depending on the part of the body affected, and may include enlarged lymph nodes, loss of appetite, weight loss, lethargy, coughing, difficulty breathing, vomiting, and diarrhea.
- Diagnosis usually requires a sample of the affected tissue.
- Treatment is usually not curative, but it may cause the cancer to temporarily go into remission.
- Chemotherapy is usually the treatment of choice for lymphosarcoma.
What Are the Signs of Lymphoma?
The signs of lymphoma can vary, depending on the part of the body affected. With generalized lymphosarcoma, the pet may have enlarged lymph nodes, which can appear as swellings in the neck at back of the jaw, behind the knees, and other locations. The pet may seem relatively healthy or experience lethargy (tiredness), loss of appetite, and weight loss.